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Why does diabetes occur?

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In a healthy person, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help the body store and use the sugar from the food you eat. Diabetes happens when one or more of the following occurs:

  • When the pancreas does not produce any insulin
  • When the pancreas produces very little insulin
  • When the body does not respond appropriately to insulin (insulin resistance)

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Insulin and Low Blood Glucose." 

American Diabetes Association: "Stomach Fat and Insulin Resistance." 

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes:  Type 1 and Type 2." 

Forouhi, N. , 2006; 49:822. Kim, SH. , 2006; 48:293.  DiabetologiaJournal of the American College of Cardiology

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on May 26, 2019

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Insulin and Low Blood Glucose." 

American Diabetes Association: "Stomach Fat and Insulin Resistance." 

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes:  Type 1 and Type 2." 

Forouhi, N. , 2006; 49:822. Kim, SH. , 2006; 48:293.  DiabetologiaJournal of the American College of Cardiology

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on May 26, 2019

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What should I keep in mind daily about meals if I use insulin?

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