Some people can work toward lower numbers, and some people may need higher goals.
For example, some children and adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, people who have severe complications from diabetes, people who may not live much longer, or people who have trouble recognizing the symptoms of low blood sugar may have a higher target range.
And some people, such as those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes or who don't have any complications from diabetes, may do better with a lower target range.
Work with your doctor to set your own target blood sugar range. This will help you achieve the best control possible without having a high risk of hypoglycemia.
Children of any age with type 2 diabetes and most adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes (non-pregnant)
- A1c: Less than 7.0%
- Before meals: 80 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
- 1 to 2 hours after meals: Less than 180 mg/dL
Youth (younger than 18 years old) with type 1 diabetes
- A1c: Less than 7.5%
- Before meals: 90 to 130 mg/dL
- Bedtime and overnight: 90 to 150 mg/dL
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who become pregnant
- A1c: Less than 6.0%
- Before meals, bedtime, and overnight: 60 to 99 mg/dL
- 1 to 2 hours after meals: 100 to 129 mg/dL or lower
Women who have gestational diabetes
- Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less
- 1 to 2 hours after meals: 120 to 140 mg/dL or lower