Next Slideshow Title
IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
1) IPGGutenbergUKLtd / Getty Images
2) Stockbyte / Thinkstock
3) Petri Artturi Asikainen / Getty Images
4) dstaerk / Thinkstock
5) librakv / Thinkstock
6) montreehanlue / Thinkstock
7) Michael Krinke / Getty Images
8) toeytoey2530 / Thinkstock
9) Minertree / Getty Images
10) BCFC / Getty Images
11) Getty Images
12) Getty Images
13) Getty Images
14) Getty Images
15) Getty Images
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "4 Metabolism Myths and Facts."
Acheson, KJ. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2004.
Ahad, F. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, January-March 2010.
American Society for Biochemistry and Microbiology: "Antipsychotics and their adverse metabolic effects."
Anastasia Kralli, Ph.D., associate professor of chemical physiology and cell biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA.
Da Silva, MS. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2014.
Dubnov-Raz, G. International Journal of Obesity, 2011.
Gantner, ML. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 2014.
Greenberg, JA. Diabetes Care, February 2010.
Kelty Mental Health Resource Center: "Atypical Antipsychotics and Metabolic Health."
MacLean, PS. American Journal of Physiology, August 2004.
National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements: "Calcium."
News release, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.
News release, National Sleep Foundation.
News release, Virginia Commonwealth University.
Pelletier, C. Obesity Reviews, February 2003.
Peseshki, A. Nature, January 7, 2016.
Sharma S. International Journal of Endocrinology, April 28, 2010.
Tremblay, A. International Journal of Obesity, May 2004.
The University of New Mexico: "Len Kravitz, PhD: Controversies in Metabolism."
U.S. Figure Skating Association: "Fueling for Performance."
Vij, V. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, September 2013.
Westman, E. American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 2007.
News release, National Institutes of Health.
Hall, K.D. Cell Metabolism, Aug. 13, 2015
Pot, G.K. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, June 22, 2016.
News release, Kings College London.
Eckel-Mahan, K. Physiology Reviews. January 2013.
Cho, H. Nature, May 3, 2012.
Dartmouth University: “The Physiology of Stress: Cortisol and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Eat These Foods – Your Metabolism Will Thank You.”
American Psychological Association: “The Risks of Night Work.”
Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 23, 2020
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
View our slideshows to learn more about your health.