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What is in apple cider vinegar?

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It’s mostly apple juice, but adding yeast turns the fruit sugar into alcohol -- this is fermentation. Bacteria turn the alcohol into acetic acid. That’s what gives vinegar its sour taste and strong smell.

SOURCES:

University of Washington, The Whole U: “Beyond the Hype: Apple Cider Vinegar as an Alternative Therapy.”

Medscape General Medicine: “Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect.”

AOL Lifestyle: “15 ways apple cider vinegar can benefit your health and home.”

The Ohio State University Extension: “Making Cider Vinegar at Home.”

Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry: “Vinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjects.”

Journal of Diabetes Research: "Vinegar Consumption Increases Insulin-Stimulated Glucose Uptake by the Forearm Muscle in Humans with Type 2 Diabetes.”

Annals of Cardiology and Angiology: “Anti-obesogenic effect of apple cider vinegar in rats subjected to a high fat diet.”

Mayo Clinic: “Drinking apple cider vinegar for weight loss seems far-fetched. Does it work?”

Dutch Journal of Dentistry: “Unhealthy weight loss. Erosion by apple cider vinegar.”

BMC Gastroenterology: “Effect of apple cider vinegar on delayed gastric emptying in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study.”

Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman on May 7, 2019

SOURCES:

University of Washington, The Whole U: “Beyond the Hype: Apple Cider Vinegar as an Alternative Therapy.”

Medscape General Medicine: “Vinegar: Medicinal Uses and Antiglycemic Effect.”

AOL Lifestyle: “15 ways apple cider vinegar can benefit your health and home.”

The Ohio State University Extension: “Making Cider Vinegar at Home.”

Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry: “Vinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjects.”

Journal of Diabetes Research: "Vinegar Consumption Increases Insulin-Stimulated Glucose Uptake by the Forearm Muscle in Humans with Type 2 Diabetes.”

Annals of Cardiology and Angiology: “Anti-obesogenic effect of apple cider vinegar in rats subjected to a high fat diet.”

Mayo Clinic: “Drinking apple cider vinegar for weight loss seems far-fetched. Does it work?”

Dutch Journal of Dentistry: “Unhealthy weight loss. Erosion by apple cider vinegar.”

BMC Gastroenterology: “Effect of apple cider vinegar on delayed gastric emptying in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study.”

Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman on May 7, 2019

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How is apple cider vinegar used?

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