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What kinds of probiotics exist?

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Probiotics come in many varieties. They include:

Different probiotics can help with different conditions. One might help with diarrhea or a vaginal infection, while another may have no effect. Before you start taking a probiotic supplement, talk to your doctor or dietician to make sure you take one that’s most likely to help you.

  • Lactobacilli (Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus GG)
  • Bifidobacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidus)
  • Yeasts (Saccharomyces boulardii)

From: Probiotics WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Longe, J., ed. , second edition, 2004. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “An Introduction to Probiotics.” Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database: “Probiotics,” “Lactobacillus,” “Bacillus Coagulans,” “Bifidobacteria,” "Saccharomyces."


The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine

Natural Standard Patient Monograph: “Lactobacillus acidophilus,” “Lactobacillus GG,” “Probiotics.”

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on July 18, 2017

SOURCES: Longe, J., ed. , second edition, 2004. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “An Introduction to Probiotics.” Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database: “Probiotics,” “Lactobacillus,” “Bacillus Coagulans,” “Bifidobacteria,” "Saccharomyces."


The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine

Natural Standard Patient Monograph: “Lactobacillus acidophilus,” “Lactobacillus GG,” “Probiotics.”

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on July 18, 2017

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How do probiotics differ from prebiotics?

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