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Vispute, S.S. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Sept. 25, 2011.
Cleveland Clinic: "Will Sit-ups Burn Off Your Belly Fat?"
John Hopkins Medical: "8 Ways to Lose Belly Fat and Live a Healthier Life."
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The Heart Foundation: "Belly Fat."
Harvard Health: "Abdominal fat and what to do about it."
Liu, F.X. The Journal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy, published online Aug. 14, 2017.
Gower, B. The Journal of Nutrition, published online Dec. 3, 2014.
CDC: "Healthy Weight: Rethink Your Drink," "Diabetes: Healthy Weight," "Tips for Better Sleep."
National Center for Health Research: "Energy Drinks: Caffeine + Calories = ???"
Thornton, S. Frontiers in Nutrition, published online June 10, 2016.
Popkin, B. Nutrition Reviews, August, 2010.
Daniels, M. Nutrition Reviews, September, 2010.
Kim, J. PLOS One, published online Sept. 24, 2012.
Reviewed by Michael W. Smith, MD on August 28, 2019
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