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How is an enema used to treat severe encopresis?

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An enema pushes fluid into the rectum. This softens the stool in the rectum and creates pressure within the rectum. This pressure gives the child a powerful urge to pass a bowel movement, and the stool is usually expelled rapidly. The fluid in most enemas is water. Something is usually added to keep the water from being absorbed by the intestinal lining. Widely used enemas include commercial sodium phosphate preparations (such as Fleet saline or Pedia-Lax enemas), saline, and mineral oil enemas. Daily enemas for several days may be needed to completely evacuate the colon.

From: Encopresis WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCE:

American Academy of Pediatrics.

American College of Gastroenterology.

UpToDate.com: "Chronic functional constipation and fecal incontinence in infants and children: Treatment."

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on May 10, 2019

SOURCE:

American Academy of Pediatrics.

American College of Gastroenterology.

UpToDate.com: "Chronic functional constipation and fecal incontinence in infants and children: Treatment."

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on May 10, 2019

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How do laxatives work to treat severe encopresis?

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