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Is irritable bowel disease (IBS) a structural or functional disease?

ANSWER

Irritable bowel disease (IBS) is what doctors call a functional disease. Someone with this type of disease will have a group of symptoms, but tests won’t show any physical explanation for those problems. So, even if your symptoms seem more like IBS, if a doctor finds any inflammation in your intestines, your diagnosis will be irritable bowel disease (IBD).

SOURCES:

GI Society, Canadian Society of Intestinal Research “IBS vs. IBD: What’s the Difference?”

Bradesi, S. , 2003. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology

Medscape: “Irritable Bowel Syndrome.”

Cleveland Clinic: “IBD & IBS Q&A.”

Rome Foundation: “Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders”

Mayo Clinic: “Irritable Bowel Syndrome”

Monash University: “The Monash University Low FODMAP Diet.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “IBS and IBD: Two Very Different Disorders.”

American Cancer Society: “Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors.”

UpToDate: “Irritable bowel syndrome (Beyond the Basics).”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 13, 2016

SOURCES:

GI Society, Canadian Society of Intestinal Research “IBS vs. IBD: What’s the Difference?”

Bradesi, S. , 2003. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology

Medscape: “Irritable Bowel Syndrome.”

Cleveland Clinic: “IBD & IBS Q&A.”

Rome Foundation: “Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders”

Mayo Clinic: “Irritable Bowel Syndrome”

Monash University: “The Monash University Low FODMAP Diet.”

Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America: “IBS and IBD: Two Very Different Disorders.”

American Cancer Society: “Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors.”

UpToDate: “Irritable bowel syndrome (Beyond the Basics).”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 13, 2016

NEXT QUESTION:

What are some overlapping warning signs of irritable bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

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