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What are symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?

ANSWER

  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Loose, pale, oily, foul-smelling stools
  • Stomach pain
  • Gas and bloating
  • Bone pain
  • Muscle cramps

Without treatment, EPI can make you malnourished -- you won't get enough important vitamins and nutrients from your diet -- and it can lead to other serious conditions, such as thinning bones (osteoporosis) or the blood condition anemia.

SOURCES:

Medical University of South Carolina Digestive Disease Center: “Pancreatic Insufficiency.”

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network: “Pancreatic Enzymes.”

Lindkvist, B.  , November 2013. World Journal of Gastroenterology

Leeds, J.  , May 2010. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

American Diabetes Association.

The National Pancreas Foundation: “Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency.”

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation: “Nutrition: Pancreatic Enzyme Therapy in People with Cystic Fibrosis.”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 14, 2018

SOURCES:

Medical University of South Carolina Digestive Disease Center: “Pancreatic Insufficiency.”

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network: “Pancreatic Enzymes.”

Lindkvist, B.  , November 2013. World Journal of Gastroenterology

Leeds, J.  , May 2010. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

American Diabetes Association.

The National Pancreas Foundation: “Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency.”

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation: “Nutrition: Pancreatic Enzyme Therapy in People with Cystic Fibrosis.”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 14, 2018

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Who gets exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?

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