ABACAVIR-LAMIVUDINE-ZIDOVUDINE Side Effects by Likelihood and Severity

COMMON side effects

If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression i

  • anemia
  • low levels of white blood cells
  • low levels of a type of white blood cell called neutrophils
  • a feeling of pins and needles on skin
  • high blood levels of the lipase enzyme
  • headache

If experienced, these tend to have a Less Severe expression i

  • muscle pain
  • fever
  • decreased appetite
  • headache
  • cough
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • a feeling of general discomfort called malaise
  • a sore throat
  • low energy
  • diarrhea
  • an infection of the ear
  • a sleep disorder
  • abnormal dreams
  • abnormal fat distribution associated with HIV

INFREQUENT side effects

If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression i

  • decreased blood platelets
  • low levels of a type of white blood cell called neutrophils
  • throat irritation
  • bronchitis
  • joint pain
  • muscle pain
  • a fever as a result of taking the medication
  • a skin rash
  • trouble breathing
  • cough
  • a hypersensitivity reaction to a drug
  • intense abdominal pain

If experienced, these tend to have a Less Severe expression i

  • indigestion
  • constipation
  • discoloration of nail
  • joint pain
  • difficulty sleeping
  • low energy
  • chills
  • stomach cramps
  • generalized weakness
  • pain in the muscles or bones
  • peripheral sensory nerve disorder
  • a stuffy and runny nose
  • muscle pain
  • dizziness
  • decreased appetite
  • vomiting
  • high amount of triglyceride in the blood
  • anxious feelings

RARE side effects

If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression i

  • increased blood acidity due to high levels of lactic acid
  • a type of blood disorder where the red blood cells burst called hemolytic anemia
  • a type of blood disorder with a decrease in all types of blood cells called pancytopenia
  • low blood counts due to bone marrow failure
  • decreased blood platelets
  • manic behavior
  • a toxic effect on the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and spinal cord
  • a disease with shrinking and weaker muscles called myopathy
  • cardiomyopathy, a disease of the heart muscle
  • inflammation of the blood vessels
  • enlarged fatty liver
  • inflammation of the liver called hepatitis
  • a skin disorder with blistering and peeling skin called toxic epidermal necrolysis
  • a skin disorder with blistering and peeling skin called Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • a condition with muscle tissue breakdown called rhabdomyolysis
  • muscle inflammation
  • seizures
  • a significant type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis
  • a type of allergic reaction called angioedema
  • a yellowing of the eyes or skin from buildup of bilirubin called jaundice
  • pancreatitis
  • macular edema
  • pure red cell aplasia
  • anemia
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • an enlarged spleen
  • abnormal liver function tests
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • a heart attack
  • low blood pressure
  • pneumonia
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome, a type of lung disorder
  • kidney failure
  • erythema multiforme, a type of allergic skin reaction
  • visible water retention
  • decreased appetite
  • an enlarged liver
  • a feeling of pins and needles on skin
  • chronic inflammation of muscles in the body called polymyositis
  • a condition that results in overproduction of thyroid hormones called Graves' disease
  • multiple organ failure
  • a high alanine transaminase level
  • a high aspartate transaminase level

If experienced, these tend to have a Less Severe expression i

  • confusion
  • depression
  • lazy eye
  • visual sensitivity to light
  • a stuffy and runny nose
  • inflammation of the tissue lining the sinuses
  • enlarged breasts
  • itching
  • skin discoloration
  • backache
  • drowsiness
  • fainting
  • sensation of spinning or whirling
  • dizziness
  • flu-like symptoms
  • excessive sweating
  • muscle tremors
  • taste impairment
  • high amount of bilirubin in the blood
  • trouble breathing
  • difficulty swallowing
  • gas
  • an increased need to urinate often
  • a feeling of pins and needles on skin
  • abnormal fat distribution
  • a delay when starting to urinate
  • hyperpigmentation of the inside of the mouth
  • anxious feelings
  • stomatitis, a condition with painful swelling and sores inside the mouth
  • hair loss
  • muscle weakness
  • cramps
  • wheezing
  • generalized weakness

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Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, except as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.