If you are:
Only When Necessary: EVIDENCE FOR MALFORMATIONS; CAN REDUCE UTERINE BLOOD FLOW CAUSING FETAL HYPOXIA
Only When Necessary:
Precaution: ORAL BIOAVAILABILITY LOW; INFANT EXPOSURE MAY BE MINIMAL
Precaution: USE WITH CAUTION. MAY CAUSE PARADOXICAL EXCITATION/INHIBIT LACTATION.
An adult over 60:
management or monitoring precaution: Cardiovascular-Elderly are more sensitive to tachycardia and hypertensive effects. May exacerbate symptomatic coronary insufficiency. Genitourinary-May cause urinary retention. Neuro/Psych-May worsen cognitive impairment in some elderly with dementia. Insomnia risk.
management or monitoring precaution: Neuro/Psych-Anticholinergic effects may cause sedation, worsen cognitive impairment and increase fall risk. Non-sedating agent preferred. Gastrointestinal-May cause or worsen pre-existing constipation. Genitourinary-Best avoided in patients with urinary retention from any cause.
Giving carbinoxamine-phenylephrine Drops to a child under 12:
Contraindication: Risk of paradoxical CNS excitation, seizure. Contraindicated age < 2 years.
Contraindication: Risk of CNS excitation or depression and/or decreased mental alertness. Do not use for cough/cold age < 6 years without clinician consult.
Contraindication: Risk of CNS excitation. Do not use age <6 years without clinician consult.