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What causes epilepsy?

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There is a clear cause for epilepsy in only a small number of cases. Typically, the known causes of seizure involve some injury to the brain. Some of the main causes of epilepsy include:

In up to 70% of all case of epilepsy in adults and children, no cause can be discovered.

  • Low oxygen during birth
  • Head injuries that occur during birth or from accidents during youth for adulthood
  • Brain tumors
  • Genetic conditions that result in brain injury, such as tuberous sclerosis
  • Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis
  • Stroke or any other type of damage to the brain
  • Abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar

SOURCES:

Epilepsy.com: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

Epilepsy Foundation: "Causes."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 5, 2019

SOURCES:

Epilepsy.com: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

Epilepsy Foundation: "Causes."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 5, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What causes seizures in people with epilepsy?

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