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What causes seizures in people with epilepsy?

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Although the underlying causes of epilepsy are usually not known, certain factors are known to provoke seizures in people with epilepsy. Knowing these triggers can help you avoid seizures and live better with epilepsy:

For about one out of every two women with epilepsy, seizures tend to happen more around the time of menstrual periods. Changing or adding certain drugs before menstrual periods can help.

  • Missing medication doses
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Cocaine or other drug use, such as ecstasy
  • Lack of sleep
  • Other drugs that interfere with seizure medications

SOURCES:

Epilepsy.com: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

Epilepsy Foundation: "Causes."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 5, 2019

SOURCES:

Epilepsy.com: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

Epilepsy Foundation: "Causes."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 5, 2019

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How can you keep someone safe during a seizure?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.