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What is refractory epilepsy?

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If your doctor says you have refractory epilepsy, it means that medicine isn't bringing your seizures under control. You might hear the condition called by some other names, such as uncontrolled, intractable, or drug-resistant epilepsy.

You can have refractory epilepsy as an adult, or your child might have it. About 1 in 3 people with epilepsy will go on to develop it.

SOURCES:

American Academy of Neurology.

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Refractory Epilepsy."

Merck Manual Home Edition : "Seizure Disorders."

Stanford Epilepsy Center: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

University of Rochester Medical Center: "Intractable Epilepsy."

Epilepsy Foundation: "What Is a Seizure?" "Refractory Epilepsy."

Epilepsy Action: "Epilepsy Seizures Explained," "Some Common Seizure Triggers."

University of Pittsburgh: "Adult Epilepsy Surgical Options," “Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders," “Responsive Neurostimulation.”

Neuromodulation : “Deep Brain Stimulation.”

International Neuromodulation Society: “Neuromodulation: Closed-Loop Stimulation for Epilepsy.”

Mayo Clinic: “Study: Continuous electrical brain stimulation helps patients with epilepsy.”

Reviewed by Neil Lava on April 08, 2019

SOURCES:

American Academy of Neurology.

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Refractory Epilepsy."

Merck Manual Home Edition : "Seizure Disorders."

Stanford Epilepsy Center: "What Causes Epilepsy?"

University of Rochester Medical Center: "Intractable Epilepsy."

Epilepsy Foundation: "What Is a Seizure?" "Refractory Epilepsy."

Epilepsy Action: "Epilepsy Seizures Explained," "Some Common Seizure Triggers."

University of Pittsburgh: "Adult Epilepsy Surgical Options," “Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders," “Responsive Neurostimulation.”

Neuromodulation : “Deep Brain Stimulation.”

International Neuromodulation Society: “Neuromodulation: Closed-Loop Stimulation for Epilepsy.”

Mayo Clinic: “Study: Continuous electrical brain stimulation helps patients with epilepsy.”

Reviewed by Neil Lava on April 08, 2019

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What will your doctor do if your epilepsy treatment does not work?

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