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What kind of disease or condition is epilepsy?

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Epilepsy isn't one disease or condition. There are many kinds of epilepsy with different symptoms and patterns. It's important to know what kind you have. It can help you and your doctor understand the treatment you need, the triggers to avoid, and what to expect in the future.

SOURCES:

Epilepsy Society: "What Is Epilepsy?"

UpToDate: "ILAE Classification of Seizures and Epilepsy."

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Types of Epilepsy," "Seizures."

Epilepsy Foundation: "What Is a Seizure?" "2017 Revised Classification of Seizures," "Diagnosing Epilepsy," "Diagnosis 101: The Basics," "Types of Seizures," "Choosing a First Drug," "Surgery."

Massachusetts General Hospital: "Childhood Epilepsy: The Brain."

Epilepsia : "Operational classification of seizure types by the International League Against Epilepsy: Position Paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology."

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on July 24, 2019

SOURCES:

Epilepsy Society: "What Is Epilepsy?"

UpToDate: "ILAE Classification of Seizures and Epilepsy."

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Types of Epilepsy," "Seizures."

Epilepsy Foundation: "What Is a Seizure?" "2017 Revised Classification of Seizures," "Diagnosing Epilepsy," "Diagnosis 101: The Basics," "Types of Seizures," "Choosing a First Drug," "Surgery."

Massachusetts General Hospital: "Childhood Epilepsy: The Brain."

Epilepsia : "Operational classification of seizure types by the International League Against Epilepsy: Position Paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology."

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on July 24, 2019

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What four types of epilepsy are there?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.