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    What Is Hyperopia?

    Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is when you see things that are far away better than things that are up close. Your  eyes focus better on distant objects than on nearby ones.

    Children who have mild to moderate  farsightedness can see both close and far away without glasses because the muscles and lenses in their  eyes can squint very well and overcome the  farsightedness.


    Hyperopia Causes

    Your  eyes focus light rays and send the image of what you’re looking at to your  brain. When you’re farsighted, the light rays don’t focus the way they should.

    The  cornea, the clear outer layer of your  eye, and the lens focus images directly on the surface of your retina, which lines the back of your  eye. If your  eye is too short, or the power to focus is too weak, the image will go to the wrong place, behind your retina. That’s what makes things look blurry.

    Hyperopia Symptoms

    You may have:

    • Trouble focusing on nearby objects
    • Headaches
    • Blurry  vision
    • Eye strain
    • Fatigue or  headache after you do a close-up task such as reading

    If you have these symptoms when you wear glasses or  contacts, you may need a new prescription.

    Hyperopia Diagnosis

    All it takes to diagnose farsightedness is a basic  eye exam. Your doctor will have you read a chart across the room. If that test shows hyperopia, they’ll use a device called a retinoscope to look at how light reflects off your retina. They’ll also use a phoropter – a testing device -- to help them decide on the best prescription for glasses or contacts.

    Adult eye exams

    The American Academy of Ophthalmology says adults who haven’t had vision problems should get an eye exam at age 40. Have eye tests every 2 to 4 years between ages 40 and 54. Between 55 and 64, get tested every 1 to 3 years. If you’re 65 and older, get tested every 1 to 2 years.

    If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of eye disease, don’t wait until you’re 40 to have an eye exam. Your doctor also might want you to come in more often.

    Children’s eye exams

    Experts recommend that infants have their eye health checked when they’re between 6 months and 1 year old. Children should also have vision tests between ages 3 and 3½, before they start school, and every 1 to 2 years after.