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Which vitamins treat wet macular degeneration?

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The makeup of vision supplements may change with the completion of the AREDS2 study. This study sought to see if adding other vitamins and mineral to the supplement would improve results of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS). The first addition was omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil), and the second was a combination of two carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, which are found in leafy green vegetables and highly colored fruits and vegetables. The research showed:

  • Beta-carotene did not reduce the risk of progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
  • Adding omega-3 to the AREDS formula did not reduce risk of progression of AMD.
  • The AREDS formula was still found to be protective with less zinc added.
  • People that took a formula with lutein and zeaxanthin and who may not have been taking enough in their diet showed further improve with the new AREDS formula.
  • In general, people who took lutein and zeaxanthin instead of beta-carotene had more of a benefit.

SOURCES: 

News release, FDA. 

James B. , Blackwell Publishing, 2003.  Lecture Notes on Ophthalmology

Macular Degeneration Partnership. 

Pfizer: “Macugen Description.” 

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Preferred Practice Pattern, Age Related Macular Degeneration." 

National Institutes of Health: "NIH study provides clarity on supplements for protection against blinding eye disease."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 13, 2017

SOURCES: 

News release, FDA. 

James B. , Blackwell Publishing, 2003.  Lecture Notes on Ophthalmology

Macular Degeneration Partnership. 

Pfizer: “Macugen Description.” 

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Preferred Practice Pattern, Age Related Macular Degeneration." 

National Institutes of Health: "NIH study provides clarity on supplements for protection against blinding eye disease."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 13, 2017

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How can someone prevent macular degeneration?

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