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How do female sex hormones cause dry eyes?

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Women are more likely get get dry eyes than men because their levels of estrogen and other sex hormones change in life. That’s also true if you’re pregnant or take hormonal birth control. Experts aren’t sure why.

From: Dry Eye and Hormones WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Medscape: "Hormones and Dry Eye Syndrome."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Pregnancy."

Prevent Blindness: "Pregnancy and Your Vision."

Cornea : "Tear Osmolarity and Dry Eye Symptoms in Women Using Oral Contraception and Contact Lenses."

Gynecological Endocrinology : "Ocular surface changes over the menstrual cycle in women with and without dry eye."

University of Wisconsin Health: "Dry Eye and Post-menopausal Women."

North American Menopause Society: "Changes in Hormone Levels."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology : "Hormones and dry eye syndrome: an update on what we do and don't know."

Menopause : "Dry eye in postmenopausal women: a hormonal disorder," "Examining the relationship between hormone therapy and dry-eye syndrome in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional comparison study."

British Journal of Ophthalmology : "The effects of transdermal testosterone and oestrogen therapy on dry eye in postmenopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot study."

UptoDate: "Dry eyes."

Medicine : "Hormone replacement therapy benefits meibomian gland dysfunction in perimenopausal women."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Dry Eye."

Endometriosis Foundation of America: "What is endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments."

womenshealth.gov: "Polycystic ovary syndrome."

Cornea : "Androgen Deficiency and Dry Eye Syndrome in the Aging Male."

Hormone Health Network: "What Does the Thyroid Gland Do?"

New England Journal of Medicine : "Graves' Ophthalmology."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders: "Hashimoto's Disease."

Journal of Ophthalmology : "Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis," "Dry Eye Syndrome in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence, Etiology, and Clinical Characteristics."

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Triple A syndrome."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 04, 2019

SOURCES:

Medscape: "Hormones and Dry Eye Syndrome."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Pregnancy."

Prevent Blindness: "Pregnancy and Your Vision."

Cornea : "Tear Osmolarity and Dry Eye Symptoms in Women Using Oral Contraception and Contact Lenses."

Gynecological Endocrinology : "Ocular surface changes over the menstrual cycle in women with and without dry eye."

University of Wisconsin Health: "Dry Eye and Post-menopausal Women."

North American Menopause Society: "Changes in Hormone Levels."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology : "Hormones and dry eye syndrome: an update on what we do and don't know."

Menopause : "Dry eye in postmenopausal women: a hormonal disorder," "Examining the relationship between hormone therapy and dry-eye syndrome in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional comparison study."

British Journal of Ophthalmology : "The effects of transdermal testosterone and oestrogen therapy on dry eye in postmenopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot study."

UptoDate: "Dry eyes."

Medicine : "Hormone replacement therapy benefits meibomian gland dysfunction in perimenopausal women."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Dry Eye."

Endometriosis Foundation of America: "What is endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments."

womenshealth.gov: "Polycystic ovary syndrome."

Cornea : "Androgen Deficiency and Dry Eye Syndrome in the Aging Male."

Hormone Health Network: "What Does the Thyroid Gland Do?"

New England Journal of Medicine : "Graves' Ophthalmology."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders: "Hashimoto's Disease."

Journal of Ophthalmology : "Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis," "Dry Eye Syndrome in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence, Etiology, and Clinical Characteristics."

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Triple A syndrome."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 04, 2019

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Do androgens affect dry eye?

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