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How do hormones cause dry eyes?

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Hormones are chemical messengers that travel all over your body. If you have hormone-related conditions, the can make your eyes dry. The chief ones are thyroid hormone, insulin, and sex hormones like estrogen.

From: Dry Eye and Hormones WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Medscape: "Hormones and Dry Eye Syndrome."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Pregnancy."

Prevent Blindness: "Pregnancy and Your Vision."

Cornea : "Tear Osmolarity and Dry Eye Symptoms in Women Using Oral Contraception and Contact Lenses."

Gynecological Endocrinology : "Ocular surface changes over the menstrual cycle in women with and without dry eye."

University of Wisconsin Health: "Dry Eye and Post-menopausal Women."

North American Menopause Society: "Changes in Hormone Levels."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology : "Hormones and dry eye syndrome: an update on what we do and don't know."

Menopause : "Dry eye in postmenopausal women: a hormonal disorder," "Examining the relationship between hormone therapy and dry-eye syndrome in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional comparison study."

British Journal of Ophthalmology : "The effects of transdermal testosterone and oestrogen therapy on dry eye in postmenopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot study."

UptoDate: "Dry eyes."

Medicine : "Hormone replacement therapy benefits meibomian gland dysfunction in perimenopausal women."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Dry Eye."

Endometriosis Foundation of America: "What is endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments."

womenshealth.gov: "Polycystic ovary syndrome."

Cornea : "Androgen Deficiency and Dry Eye Syndrome in the Aging Male."

Hormone Health Network: "What Does the Thyroid Gland Do?"

New England Journal of Medicine : "Graves' Ophthalmology."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders: "Hashimoto's Disease."

Journal of Ophthalmology : "Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis," "Dry Eye Syndrome in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence, Etiology, and Clinical Characteristics."

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Triple A syndrome."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 04, 2019

SOURCES:

Medscape: "Hormones and Dry Eye Syndrome."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Pregnancy."

Prevent Blindness: "Pregnancy and Your Vision."

Cornea : "Tear Osmolarity and Dry Eye Symptoms in Women Using Oral Contraception and Contact Lenses."

Gynecological Endocrinology : "Ocular surface changes over the menstrual cycle in women with and without dry eye."

University of Wisconsin Health: "Dry Eye and Post-menopausal Women."

North American Menopause Society: "Changes in Hormone Levels."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology : "Hormones and dry eye syndrome: an update on what we do and don't know."

Menopause : "Dry eye in postmenopausal women: a hormonal disorder," "Examining the relationship between hormone therapy and dry-eye syndrome in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional comparison study."

British Journal of Ophthalmology : "The effects of transdermal testosterone and oestrogen therapy on dry eye in postmenopausal women: a randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot study."

UptoDate: "Dry eyes."

Medicine : "Hormone replacement therapy benefits meibomian gland dysfunction in perimenopausal women."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Dry Eye."

Endometriosis Foundation of America: "What is endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments."

womenshealth.gov: "Polycystic ovary syndrome."

Cornea : "Androgen Deficiency and Dry Eye Syndrome in the Aging Male."

Hormone Health Network: "What Does the Thyroid Gland Do?"

New England Journal of Medicine : "Graves' Ophthalmology."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders: "Hashimoto's Disease."

Journal of Ophthalmology : "Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis," "Dry Eye Syndrome in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence, Etiology, and Clinical Characteristics."

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center: "Triple A syndrome."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on July 04, 2019

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