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How do you get cataracts?

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Cataracts are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye that can make things look blurry or hazy. They are common among older people. These factors raise your risk for developing cataracts:

  • Lots of exposure to sunlight
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol or high blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Previous eye injury or surgery
  • Family history of cataracts

SOURCES:

Lighthouse International: "Vision Loss Is Not a Normal Part of Aging: Open Your Eyes to the Facts!"

American Academy of Ophthalmology's EyeSmart: "What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?" "What Is Glaucoma?" "What Are Cataracts?"

University of Illinois Eye & Ear Infirmary: "The Eye Digest: Eye changes with aging."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Diabetic Retinopathy," "Facts About Retinal Detachment."

eMedicine: "Retinal Vein Occlusion."

National Institutes of Health web site: "NIH study provides clarity on supplements for protection against blinding eye disease."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on May 29, 2020

SOURCES:

Lighthouse International: "Vision Loss Is Not a Normal Part of Aging: Open Your Eyes to the Facts!"

American Academy of Ophthalmology's EyeSmart: "What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?" "What Is Glaucoma?" "What Are Cataracts?"

University of Illinois Eye & Ear Infirmary: "The Eye Digest: Eye changes with aging."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Diabetic Retinopathy," "Facts About Retinal Detachment."

eMedicine: "Retinal Vein Occlusion."

National Institutes of Health web site: "NIH study provides clarity on supplements for protection against blinding eye disease."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on May 29, 2020

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How can I treat cataracts?

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