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How does race and ethnicity affect your risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?

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Whites have the highest risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), followed by Chinese and Hispanic people and, with the least risk, African-Americans. Whites are also more likely to go blind from AMD than African-Americans.

About a third of whites have a gene that's been linked with AMD. If you have light-colored eyes, you also have greater odds of developing dry AMD, possibly because light eyes don't deflect ultraviolet rays as well as dark eyes.

SOURCES:

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Macular Degeneration."

American Macular Degeneration Foundation: "What Is Macular Degeneration?"

Bright Focus Foundation: "Prevention & Risk Factors."

Foundation Fighting Blindness: "What Is Macular Degeneration?"

National institutes of Health Senior Health: "Age-Related Macular Degeneration."

National Health Service UK: "Macular Degeneration - Causes"

UptoDate: "Age-related macular degeneration: Clinical presentation, etiology, and diagnosis," "Cataract in adults."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration," "Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Who is at Risk for Macular Degeneration?"

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on August 31, 2020

SOURCES:

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Macular Degeneration."

American Macular Degeneration Foundation: "What Is Macular Degeneration?"

Bright Focus Foundation: "Prevention & Risk Factors."

Foundation Fighting Blindness: "What Is Macular Degeneration?"

National institutes of Health Senior Health: "Age-Related Macular Degeneration."

National Health Service UK: "Macular Degeneration - Causes"

UptoDate: "Age-related macular degeneration: Clinical presentation, etiology, and diagnosis," "Cataract in adults."

National Eye Institute: "Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration," "Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)."

American Academy of Ophthalmology: "Who is at Risk for Macular Degeneration?"

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on August 31, 2020

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Which gender is more likely to get AMD?

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