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How is primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) treated?

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The first choice is almost always surgery. Because it’s risky for young children to get anesthesia, doctors like to do it right after the diagnosis is confirmed. If both eyes are affected, the doctor will operate on both at the same time.

If surgery can't take place right away, the doctor may prescribe eye drops, medicine to be taken by mouth, or a combination of the two to help control fluid pressure.

SOURCES:

American Academy of Ophthalmology, EyeSmart: "What Is Glaucoma?"

MedlinePlus: "Glaucoma."

Genetics Home Reference: "Early-Onset Glaucoma."

DJO ( ): "Congenital Glaucoma (Childhood)." Digital Journal of Ophthalmology

KidsHealth: "Your Child's Vision."

Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Glaucoma Can Strike at All Ages, Even Newborn Babies" and "Childhood Glaucoma."

EyeRounds.org: "Primary Congenital Glaucoma (Infantile Glaucoma): 3-Year-Old Female Referred for Evaluation of Increased Eye Size, OS."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on May 11, 2018

SOURCES:

American Academy of Ophthalmology, EyeSmart: "What Is Glaucoma?"

MedlinePlus: "Glaucoma."

Genetics Home Reference: "Early-Onset Glaucoma."

DJO ( ): "Congenital Glaucoma (Childhood)." Digital Journal of Ophthalmology

KidsHealth: "Your Child's Vision."

Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Glaucoma Can Strike at All Ages, Even Newborn Babies" and "Childhood Glaucoma."

EyeRounds.org: "Primary Congenital Glaucoma (Infantile Glaucoma): 3-Year-Old Female Referred for Evaluation of Increased Eye Size, OS."

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky on May 11, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

How can surgery help with treating primary congenital glaucoma (PCG)?

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