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What are the types of diabetic retinopathy?

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  • Background retinopathy damages the blood vessels in your eyes, but you can still see relatively well. It can get worse if you don't manage your diabetes well.
  • Maculopathy damages the macula, a critical area of your retina.
  • Proliferative retinopathy happens when cells at the back of your eye don’t get enough oxygen and new blood vessels start to grow. These blood vessels are fragile, so they can bleed and lead to a clot. This can cause scars and pull your retina away from the back of your eye.

If your retina gets detached, you could have vision loss that can't be fixed.

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Eye Disease"  and "Mental Health Problem Linked to Diabetes." 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Take Charge of Your Diabetes." 

Colucciello, M. Arch Ophthalmol,  2005; 123:1273.

Hernandez, C. Diabetes Care, 2006; 29:2028.

The Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Diabetes and Your Eyesight."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on February 3, 2021

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Eye Disease"  and "Mental Health Problem Linked to Diabetes." 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Take Charge of Your Diabetes." 

Colucciello, M. Arch Ophthalmol,  2005; 123:1273.

Hernandez, C. Diabetes Care, 2006; 29:2028.

The Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Diabetes and Your Eyesight."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on February 3, 2021

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