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What are treatments for meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD)?

ANSWER

For more advanced MGD, your doctor may suggest medications such as:

These could be eye drops or spray, creams, or pills.

In the office, your doctor may use devices that send heat or pulsed light to open blocked meibomian glands and improve symptoms.

  • Lubricants
  • Antibiotics for infections
  • Cyclosporine to suppress your immune system
  • Steroids that help ease inflammation

SOURCES:

The Ocular Surface : "Emerging strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction: Proceedings of the OCEAN group meeting."

Clinical Optometry: "Contact lens wear and dry eyes: challenges and solutions."

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science , The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: "Report of the Subcommittee on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology of the Meibomian Gland," "Executive Summary," "Meibomian gland dysfunction: What is it, why does it occur and how may it be treated?"

Experimental Eye Research: "Meibomian glands, meibum, and meibogenesis," "New insights into the morphology and function of meibomian glands," "Ocular surface inflammation impairs structure and function of meibomian gland."

Association of Optometrists: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

BMC Ophthalmology: "Meibomian gland dysfunction: hyperkeratinization or atrophy?"

Eye & Contact Lens: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Contact Lens Discomfort."

International Ophthalmology: "Dyslipidemia and its association with meibomian gland dysfunction."

Ophthalmology : "Meibomian gland dysfunction and hypercholesterolemia."

British Journal of Ophthalmology: "Revisiting the vicious circle of dry eye disease: a focus on the pathophysiology of meibomian gland dysfunction."

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: "Androgen deficiency, Meibomian gland dysfunction, and evaporative dry eye."

American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Treatment."

EyeNet Magazine: "Rethinking Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: How to Spot It, Stage It and Treat It."

US Sensory Disorders Review : "Topical Cyclosporine Use in Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology: "Treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction and dry eye symptoms with a single-dose vectored thermal pulsation: a review."

American Journal of Ophthalmology : "Analysis of Cytokine Levels in Tears and Clinical Correlations After Intense Pulsed Light Treating Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

Reviewed by Brian S. Boxer Wachler on October 17, 2017

SOURCES:

The Ocular Surface : "Emerging strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction: Proceedings of the OCEAN group meeting."

Clinical Optometry: "Contact lens wear and dry eyes: challenges and solutions."

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science , The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: "Report of the Subcommittee on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology of the Meibomian Gland," "Executive Summary," "Meibomian gland dysfunction: What is it, why does it occur and how may it be treated?"

Experimental Eye Research: "Meibomian glands, meibum, and meibogenesis," "New insights into the morphology and function of meibomian glands," "Ocular surface inflammation impairs structure and function of meibomian gland."

Association of Optometrists: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

BMC Ophthalmology: "Meibomian gland dysfunction: hyperkeratinization or atrophy?"

Eye & Contact Lens: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Contact Lens Discomfort."

International Ophthalmology: "Dyslipidemia and its association with meibomian gland dysfunction."

Ophthalmology : "Meibomian gland dysfunction and hypercholesterolemia."

British Journal of Ophthalmology: "Revisiting the vicious circle of dry eye disease: a focus on the pathophysiology of meibomian gland dysfunction."

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: "Androgen deficiency, Meibomian gland dysfunction, and evaporative dry eye."

American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: "Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Treatment."

EyeNet Magazine: "Rethinking Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: How to Spot It, Stage It and Treat It."

US Sensory Disorders Review : "Topical Cyclosporine Use in Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology: "Treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction and dry eye symptoms with a single-dose vectored thermal pulsation: a review."

American Journal of Ophthalmology : "Analysis of Cytokine Levels in Tears and Clinical Correlations After Intense Pulsed Light Treating Meibomian Gland Dysfunction."

Reviewed by Brian S. Boxer Wachler on October 17, 2017

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