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Who gets diabetic retinopathy?

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People with type 1 diabetes rarely develop diabetic retinopathy before puberty. In adults, it's rare to see unless you've had type 1 diabetes for at least 5 years.

If you keep tight control of your blood sugar with either an insulin pump or multiple daily insulin injections, you’re far less likely to get this condition.

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may have signs of eye problems when you’re diagnosed. Control your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol to slow or prevent the disease. If you smoke, try to quit. It’ll improve your eyes and your overall health.

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Eye Disease"  and "Mental Health Problem Linked to Diabetes." 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Take Charge of Your Diabetes." 

Colucciello, M. Arch Ophthalmol,  2005; 123:1273.

Hernandez, C. Diabetes Care, 2006; 29:2028.

The Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Diabetes and Your Eyesight."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on February 3, 2021

SOURCES: 

American Diabetes Association: "Eye Disease"  and "Mental Health Problem Linked to Diabetes." 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Take Charge of Your Diabetes." 

Colucciello, M. Arch Ophthalmol,  2005; 123:1273.

Hernandez, C. Diabetes Care, 2006; 29:2028.

The Glaucoma Research Foundation: "Diabetes and Your Eyesight."

Reviewed by Whitney Seltman on February 3, 2021

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What are the types of diabetic retinopathy?

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