Can I Prevent Glaucoma?

No. There’s no way to head off chronic open-angle glaucoma. But if you find and treat it early enough, you can prevent eye damage and preserve your sight.

The first step: Get an eye exam. All adults need to be checked for glaucoma every 3 to 5 years. You’ll want to see an eye doctor -- either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. If someone in your family had glaucoma, or if you have other risk factors, your doctor may want to check you more often.

Your doctor might find out that you’re at risk during a comprehensive eye exam before you have an attack.

You might be more likely to get it if you:

Most of the things that make you likely to get glaucoma are beyond your control. But an early diagnosis will help you protect yourself. Start with an eye exam.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky, MD on March 14, 2017

Sources

SOURCES:

American Glaucoma Society.

Weinreb, R. Lancet, 2004.

Curcio, C. Journal of Comparative Neurology, Oct. 1, 1990.

American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Glaucoma Research Foundation.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: "Screening for Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma in the Primary Care Setting."

Mayo Clinic.

Distelhorst, J. American Family Physician, May 1, 2003. 

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