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  • Question 1/12

    What percentage of people with fibromyalgia use some form of complementary or alternative treatment?

  • Answer 1/12

    What percentage of people with fibromyalgia use some form of complementary or alternative treatment?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    According to the National Institutes of Health, about 90% of people with fibromyalgia use some form of complementary or alternative medicine – the diverse group of practices and products that are beyond conventional medicine. Although research is mixed on the effectiveness of many of these practices, the National Fibromyalgia Association says alternative treatments can "play an important role in [fibromyalgia] treatment." The group urges patients to consult a medical professional to "establish a multifaceted and individualized approach that works for them."

  • Question 1/12

    Scientific studies suggest people with fibromyalgia may benefit from:

  • Answer 1/12

    Scientific studies suggest people with fibromyalgia may benefit from:

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Exercise is an important complement to conventional medical treatment of fibromyalgia. Exercise "has been found to improve outcomes for people with fibromyalgia," according to the CDC.

     

    Guaifenesin – an over-the-counter expectorant drug -- and medical marijuana have attracted attention as potential treatments, but both also have attracted skeptics -- and neither has undergone rigorous scientific study.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following is often a symptom of fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following is often a symptom of fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Because people with fibromyalgia often have trouble sleeping, they sometimes turn to supplements that have a reputation for helping people sleep. Among these, melatonin has drawn perhaps the most attention; preliminary results found it not only improves sleep patterns, it actually might help fibromyalgia pain.

     

    Other sleep-aid supplements include lavender, chamomile, valerian, hops, and skullcap. However, research is mixed on their effectiveness for insomnia, and there's no evidence that any work for fibromyalgia.

     

    Always consult your doctor before starting a dietary supplement. Some supplements may interact with medications.

  • Question 1/12

    The cause of fibromyalgia is:

  • Answer 1/12

    The cause of fibromyalgia is:

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    It’s not known what causes fibromyalgia. The main symptom is widespread pain, particularly at certain "pressure points" or "tender points" on the neck, shoulders, back, hips, arms, and legs. Other symptoms include fatigue, headaches, irritable bowel, sleep disturbances, and tingling in the hands and feet.

     

    Because fibromyalgia symptoms overlap with symptoms of many other disorders, it can be difficult to diagnose. Many patients turn to complementary and alternative medicine for relief because it's a chronic condition -- and still something of a mystery to conventional medicine.

  • Question 1/12

    According to the National Institutes of Health, research shows "modest, preliminary support" for the effectiveness of which of the following in treating fibromyalgia.

  • Answer 1/12

    According to the National Institutes of Health, research shows "modest, preliminary support" for the effectiveness of which of the following in treating fibromyalgia.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Massage therapy shows promise for fibromyalgia. At least two studies have reported a benefit, but others have found only fleeting benefit or no improvement.

     

    According to the NIH, "research evidence is insufficient to draw conclusions" about the effectiveness of hypnosis, biofeedback, or chiropractic care.

  • Question 1/12

    Traditional pain relievers are always effective for the pain of fibromyalgia.

  • Answer 1/12

    Traditional pain relievers are always effective for the pain of fibromyalgia.

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    A major reason patients often turn to complementary and alternative treatments is the spotty effectiveness of traditional pain relievers for fibromyalgia pain.

     

    However, traditional painkillers do work sometimes and they continue to be an important option for people with the condition. Over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen can sometimes be effective, especially for muscle aches.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following is an accepted conventional treatment for fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following is an accepted conventional treatment for fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Because there is no magic bullet for fibromyalgia, the main goal of treatment is to make the patient feel better. Consequently, conventional therapies for fibromyalgia and its symptoms are wide-ranging. Medicines include antidepressant and anticonvulsant medications, pain relievers, and muscle relaxants.

     

    Physical therapy is considered helpful to build strength and improve range of motion. Psychological support is often recommended to help patients learn to cope with what can be a very painful and frustrating condition.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following dietary supplements has been proven to help treat symptoms of fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following dietary supplements has been proven to help treat symptoms of fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Many dietary supplements used by fibromyalgia patients -- including echinacea, cayenne, milk thistle, black cohosh, lavender, and B vitamins -- are unproven. Always consult with your doctor before beginning to take a dietary supplement, because some supplements may interact with medications or be unsafe to take.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following diets can help reduce symptoms of fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following diets can help reduce symptoms of fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    No specific diet or type of diet has been shown to have an effect on fibromyalgia. However, it's important for fibromyalgia patients, as well as for everyone else, to eat a healthy, balanced diet.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following supplements has shown "some evidence of a benefit" -- according to the NIH -- for treating symptoms of fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following supplements has shown "some evidence of a benefit" -- according to the NIH -- for treating symptoms of fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    The NIH's National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine reports that although studies on the amino acid derivative SAMe (S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine) have had mixed results, "there is some evidence of a benefit" for fibromyalgia -- but "more research is needed."

     

    Although some fibromyalgia and arthritis patients take MSM (methyl-sulfonyl-methane) for joint pain and others use St. John's Wort for depression, there's no solid evidence either supplement works for fibromyalgia.

  • Question 1/12

    Which of the following has been proven to bring pain relief to people with fibromyalgia?

  • Answer 1/12

    Which of the following has been proven to bring pain relief to people with fibromyalgia?

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    Recent research found the ancient Chinese martial art of tai chi had benefits for musculoskeletal pain, depression, and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients. It's unclear why it might work -- and more study is needed -- but tai chi is sometimes called "moving meditation" -- and meditation is thought to bring health benefits through stress reduction and physical relaxation.

     

    Acupuncture has been shown in many studies to relieve the  fatigue, anxiety, and pain of fibromyalgia. But other studies do not show a difference between real or sham acupuncture.  And the NIH says "there is no convincing scientific evidence to support claims that magnets can relieve pain of any type."

  • Question 1/12

    Some researchers believe that low levels of the following may contribute to fibromyalgia:

  • Answer 1/12

    Some researchers believe that low levels of the following may contribute to fibromyalgia:

    • You answered:
    • Correct Answer:

    The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown. Some researchers believe that reduced levels of magnesium may contribute to the condition. According to the NIH, though, "there is no conclusive scientific evidence that magnesium supplements can help relieve fibromyalgia symptoms."

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Sources | Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, MS, DO on October 31, 2016 Medically Reviewed on October 31, 2016

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, MS, DO on
October 31, 2016

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

Question 1) Heiner Heine / Imagebroker.net

 

REFERENCES:

Arthritis Foundation: “Acupuncture as a Treatment for Fibromyalgia”

Arthritis Foundation (Arthritis Today): “Drug Guide: Fibromyalgia Medications”

Arthritis Foundation (Arthritis Today): “Exercise and Education Improve Fibromyalgia”

Arthritis Foundation (Arthritis Today): “Frequently Asked Questions About Fibromyalgia”

Arthritis Foundation (Arthritis Today): “Treatments Worth Trying”

Arthritis Foundation (Arthritis Today): "What is Fibromyalgia?"

CDC: "Fibromyalgia"

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Acupuncture for Pain”

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: "Fibromyalgia and CAM: At a Glance"

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Magnets for Pain”

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Meditation”

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Sleep Disorders and CAM: At a Glance”

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: “Tai Chi: An Introduction”

National Fibromyalgia Association: "Treatment"

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: “Questions and Answers About Fibromyalgia”

U.S. Dept. of Women’s Health (HHS): “Fibromyalgia”

De Silva, V., et al, Rheumatology (Oxford), June 2010; vol. 49, issue 6, pp: :1063-8

Langhorst, J., et al, Rheumatology (Oxford), April 2010; vol. 49, issue 4, pp:778-88.

Terry, R. Clinical Rheumatology. “An Overview of systemic reviews of complementary and alternative medicine for fibromyalgia.” Published online May 26, 2011.

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