Salami Recall: Pepper to Blame?

Salmonella Behind 1.24 Million-Pound Salami Recall; Company Suspects Pepper

From the WebMD Archives

Jan. 25, 2010 - Salmonella in salami, possibly due to tainted black pepper, has led to the recall of 1.24 million pounds of salami products by Daniele International Inc.

The salami may be linked to the ongoing salmonella outbreak that since July 2009 has sickened at least 184 people in 38 states. A CDC investigation of 39 people who became ill found that 51% of the patients recently had eaten salami.

Moreover, 11 people who became ill during the outbreak had purchased the same salami variety pack at different groceries before their symptoms appeared. The salami in question was made by Daniele.

Alerted to the salami link by area doctors, the Oregon Department of Health tested two Daniele products and found salmonella. The Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed that the product was contaminated -- but found a different strain of salmonella than the ones causing the outbreak.

Daniele immediately issued a nationwide recall of 1.24 million pounds of its ready-to-eat salami products. Daniele says it has tested samples from all of its products and says these tests are negative. The company also says the Rhode Island Department of Health and the USDA have inspected its plant and found no contamination.

Salmonella in Black Pepper?

But that may not be the end of the story. According to the USDA, Daniele suspects the salmonella came from tainted black pepper used in the products.

That's triggered an FDA/USDA investigation, FDA spokesman Sebastian Cianci tells WebMD.

"The black pepper used by Daniele, Inc. during the processing of the recalled meats is regulated by FDA," according to a written statement provided by Cianci. "FDA is working closely with Daniele Inc. and our public health partners to determine if the black pepper is the possible source of contamination. To date there have been no reports of illness associated with black pepper found in other products in the U.S."

Can black pepper really carry salmonella? Yes. Salmonella has in the past been found in black pepper, white pepper, red pepper, and paprika. It's also been found in other dry spices, although salmonella concentrations in pepper and other spices appear to be low, according to a 2006 review led by FDA and CDC researchers.

That review suggested that black peppers, which are sun-dried, unripe pepper berries, may be more likely to carry salmonella than white peppers, which have their outer skins removed before drying.

The paper notes that while cooking kills salmonella, "the potential for contaminated spices to cause widespread outbreaks ... as well as the widespread use of spices in ready-to-eat foods ... highlight the need to maintain rigorous standards in spice production, distribution, and sales."


Recalled Salami Products

The specific products recalled by Daniele all carry a USDA mark of inspection bearing establishment numbers "EST. 9992" or "EST. 54."

All of the recalled products may be returned to the point of purchase for a full refund:

The recalled products with UPC codes are:

• Daniele All Natural Salame (Coated with Coarse Black Pepper) (10 oz) 736436003802

• Daniele Brand Gourmet Pack (Emballage Assorti Gourmet Italian) (500 g)736436707373

• Daniele Deli Selection (20 oz)736436531024 / 736436854350

• Daniele deli Selection (32 oz) 736436720037

• Daniele Gourmet Combo Pack (16 oz) 736436707380

• Daniele Gourmet Deli Selection (Assortment De Fines Charcuterie Italienne) (400 g) 736436530131

• Daniele Gourmet Italian Deli Selection (600 g) 736436720051

• Daniele Italian Brand Gourmet Pack (16 oz) 736436707335 / 736436857313

• Daniele Italian Brand Gourmet Pack (8 oz) 736436847291

• Daniele Natural Salame Coated with Coarse Black Pepper (catch weight)

• Daniele Pepper Salame (catch weight) and EW. 736436303308

• Daniele Salame Bites Pepper Salame (7 oz) 736436200393

• Daniele Surtido Fino Italiano (340 g) 736436857092

• Daniele Surtido Fino Italiano (454 g) 736436707335

• Dietz & Watson Artisan Collection Baby Genoa Pepper Salame (catch weight)

• Dietz & Watson Artisan Collection Party Platter Pack (8 oz) 031506847103

• Boar’s Head All Natural Salame (Coated with Coarse Black Pepper) (8 oz) 042421160758

• Black Bear Baby Genoa Pepper Salame (9 oz) 630003950226

WebMD Health News Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD on January 25, 2010



Sebastian Cianci, spokesman, FDA.

Lola Russell, spokeswoman, CDC.

News release, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

U.S. Department of Agriculture press office.

News release, CDC news release.

News release, Daniele Inc.

Vij, V. Journal of Food Production, 2006; vol 69: pp 233-237.

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