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How do you get sick from food poisoning?

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Food poisoning can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. They can exist in foods at any stage, such as when they're growing, packaged, shipped, stored, or cooked. Certain foods are more likely to harbor harmful agents. These include raw eggs, unpasteurized milk and juice, soft cheeses, and raw or undercooked meat or seafood. Your chances of getting food poisoning are higher in the summer. In 90-degree heat, food can start to spoil within an hour.

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Food Poisoning," "Food Poisoning Symptoms," "Food Poisoning: Causes."

UpToDate: "Patient education: Food poisoning (foodborne illness) (Beyond the Basics)."

CDC: "Burden of Foodborne Illness: Findings," "Foodborne Germs and Illnesses."

FDA: "Foodborne Illnesses: What You Need to Know."

U.S. Department of Agriculture: "Foodborne Illness: What Consumers Need to Know," "Foodborne Illness Peaks in Summer -- Why?" "Cooking for Groups: A Volunteer's Guide to Food Safety."

Foodsafety.gov: "Salmonella," "Clostridium perfringens," "Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)," "Campylobacter," "E. coli," "Listeria."

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on May 25, 2019

SOURCES:

Mayo Clinic: "Food Poisoning," "Food Poisoning Symptoms," "Food Poisoning: Causes."

UpToDate: "Patient education: Food poisoning (foodborne illness) (Beyond the Basics)."

CDC: "Burden of Foodborne Illness: Findings," "Foodborne Germs and Illnesses."

FDA: "Foodborne Illnesses: What You Need to Know."

U.S. Department of Agriculture: "Foodborne Illness: What Consumers Need to Know," "Foodborne Illness Peaks in Summer -- Why?" "Cooking for Groups: A Volunteer's Guide to Food Safety."

Foodsafety.gov: "Salmonella," "Clostridium perfringens," "Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)," "Campylobacter," "E. coli," "Listeria."

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on May 25, 2019

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How does norovirus cause food poisoning?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.