EMTs using a defibrillator on a mature man
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Heart Conditions: $555 Billion

Our hearts can affect our wallets. More than 1 in 3 Americans have heart disease, making it the most expensive health condition in the U.S. To help prevent heart problems, keep your weight under control. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables and high-fiber foods. Avoid food high in saturated fat and cholesterol. Get 30 minutes of exercise most days and don't smoke.

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Crash test dummy coming through windshield
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Traffic Injuries: $99 Billion

Injuries from traffic accidents send 2.5 million Americans to the emergency room every year. Traffic accidents are a main cause. The good news is, we're getting smarter on the road. Thanks to safer cars and stronger seat belt and anti-drunken-driving laws, the number of serious accidents keeps dropping. Stay safe by staying off your cell phone in the car and always wearing your seat belt.

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Juvenile cancer patient with doctor in hospital
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Cancer: $225.8 Billion

More than 15 million Americans have some form of cancer. But cancer death rates have been falling for more than 10 years. To lower some of your risk, don't smoke and cut back on alcohol. Also, stick to a healthy diet, exercise, and always wear sunscreen. Make sure you get all screening tests suggested by your doctor.

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Crying woman talking to her therapist
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Mental Disorders: $89 Billion

People often think mental illness is rare. But more than 1 in 5 adults have some form of mental disorder, such as depression. To make sure someone you care about gets help, know the warning signs. These include long-lasting sadness, intense highs and lows, social withdrawal, and extreme fears or worries. Talk to a professional or contact a group like Mental Health America for more help.

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Woman preparing to take a drag from a cigarette
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COPD and Asthma: Between $100-290Billion

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes the lung diseases emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD is usually caused by smoking, so quit to cut your risk. Air pollution, dust, and chemical fumes can also cause COPD. You're more likely to have asthma if someone in your family has it. To control asthma attacks, avoid your triggers, like tobacco smoke, dust mites, and pollution. Take any medicines prescribed by your doctor.

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Closeup of a woman wringing her arthritic hands
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Joint Disorders: $80.8 Billion

The older we get, the more likely we are to have joint problems. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. It's a main reason for knee and hip replacements. Weight loss can help lower your chance of OA. Try low-impact exercises like swimming and bicycling to keep your joints working without pain.

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Diabetic woman filling a syringe with insulin
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Diabetes: $245 Billion

Nearly one-quarter of people with diabetes don't know they have it. Diabetes can lead to heart and kidney disease, eye problems, nerve damage, and many other issues. To lower your chance of getting diabetes, eat a well-balanced diet, exercise 30 minutes at least five days a week, and keep your weight under control. If you already have diabetes, eat right and exercise, monitor your blood sugar, and take your medicine.

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Mature woman having blood pressure checked
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High Blood Pressure: $46 Billion

Having high blood pressure raises your risk of heart disease and stroke. Because there are no symptoms, get your blood pressure checked regularly. Exercise often, eat less salt, and don't smoke. Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and limit alcohol. Manage your stress -- try yoga, meditation, or deep breathing.

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Young man cringing from lower back pain
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low Back and Neck Problems: $87.9 Billion

Almost everyone has low back pain at some point, usually because of injury. It can also result from conditions like arthritis. For a stronger back, exercise to improve muscle strength, flexibility, and posture. Try yoga, swimming, or bicycling. Lose extra weight, take care when lifting, and don't smoke. Take breaks if you sit a lot and make sure you have a well-designed work space.

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Chicken drumsticks emerging from vat of hot grease
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Obesity: $190.2 Billion

More than one-third of U.S. adults and 17% of U.S. children are obese, a condition that can lead to heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer, such as endometrial and colon cancers. 

Obesity is defined in adults as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. In children, obesity is measured according to gender and age. But children who have excess body fat are also vulnerable to heart disease and other medical conditions. 

Talk to your doctor about a weight loss plan, and start moving more!

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Newborn infant sound asleep on mothers bosom
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Normal Childbirth: $30 Billion

There are many happy hospital visits, with more than 4 million babies born in the U.S. each year. In fact, childbirth is the No. 1 reason people are in the hospital. Two thirds of all births are vaginal, but C-sections are becoming more popular and they cost about 30% more than regular births. They also have added health risks. For a healthy pregnancy, take vitamins with folic acid, don't drink or smoke, and see your doctor regularly.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 11/13/2021 Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson, MD on November 13, 2021


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2) Steve Hathaway / Workbook Stock

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4) Zigy Kaluzny / Stone

5) Marco / Stock Image

6) Cristina Pedrazzini / Copyright © 2011 Photo Researchers, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

7) Mark Harmel / Photographer’s Choice

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11) DK Stock / Kristin I. Stith


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: "Total Expenses and Percent Distribution for Selected Conditions by Type of Service: United States, 2010."

American Cancer Society: "Cancer Prevalence: How Many People Have Cancer?" "Cancer Facts & Figures 2013."

American Heart Association: "Hyperlipidemia," "Lifestyle Changes and Cholesterol," "Older Americans & Cardiovascular Diseases," "Prevention & Treatment of High Blood Pressure," "Why Blood Pressure Matters," "Why Cholesterol Matters."

Belizan, J. Epidemiology, July 2007.

CDC: "Asthma;" "Basics About Diabetes;" "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD);" "Emergency Department Visits;" "Heart Attack: Prevention: What You Can Do;" "High Blood Pressure Facts;" "Motor Vehicle Safety;" "Osteoarthritis;" "Pregnancy: During Pregnancy;" "Prevent Diabetes;" "About BMI for Children and Teens;" and "Adult Obesity Facts."

Mental Health America: "Mental Illness and the Family: Recognizing Warning Signs and How to Cope."

National Diabetes Education Program: " The Facts About Diabetes: A Leading Cause of Death in the U.S."

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Diabetes Overview."

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "What Causes COPD?"

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: "New NHTSA Analysis Shows 2011 Traffic Fatalities Declined by Nearly Two Percent."

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health: "Low Back Pain Fact Sheet."

National Institutes of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health: "The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America."

National Safety Council: "National Safety Council Estimates that At Least 1.6 Million Crashes Each Year Involve Drivers Using Cell Phones and Texting."

Nordeman L. Clin J Pain, 2012 Jan;28(1):65-72.

The Cost of Having a Baby in the United States, Truven Health Analytics, January 2013.

The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide: "Relaxation techniques: Breath control helps quell errant stress response."

The Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: "Osteoarthritis Information," "Osteoarthritis: Treatment."

Ogden, C. JAMA. 2014;311(8):806-814.

The Kaiser Family Foundation: "Maternity Care and Consumer-Driven Health Plans."

U.S. Census: "Live Births, Deaths, Marriages, and Divorces: 1960 to 2008."

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson, MD on November 13, 2021

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.