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Are there different types of surgical ablation?

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If you need valve or bypass surgery for heart disease and also have AFib, your surgeon may perform a maze procedure during your open-heart surgery. Your surgeon will have to break your breastbone, open your chest, and stop your heart.

Many people with AFib can have minimally invasive maze surgery. It uses small incisions called keyholes so your surgeon can get to your heart. They'll use energy, either heat or cold, to make form scar tissue on your heart. This procedure can be performed while your heart is still beating. If your surgeon uses a robotic device and slightly different tools to do the procedure, it's called robotically assisted maze surgery.

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: “Surgical Procedures for Atrial Fibrillation (MAZE).”

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: “A Patient's Guide to Heart Surgery,” “Robotic-Assisted MAZE Surgery.”

Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Atrial Fibrillation Surgery - Maze Procedure.”

Cedars-Sinai Hospital: “Preparing for Maze Surgery.”

American Heart Association: “Treatment Guidelines of Atrial Fibrillation (AFib or AF).”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on February 25, 2021

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: “Surgical Procedures for Atrial Fibrillation (MAZE).”

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: “A Patient's Guide to Heart Surgery,” “Robotic-Assisted MAZE Surgery.”

Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Atrial Fibrillation Surgery - Maze Procedure.”

Cedars-Sinai Hospital: “Preparing for Maze Surgery.”

American Heart Association: “Treatment Guidelines of Atrial Fibrillation (AFib or AF).”

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on February 25, 2021

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