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What are the types of surgical ablation?

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This type of surgery is also called the maze procedure. Different types of maze surgery include:

  • Open-heart maze procedure: If you need valve or bypass surgery for heart disease and also have AFib, your surgeon may perform a maze procedure during your open-heart surgery. Your surgeon will have to break your breastbone, open your chest, and stop your heart to perform this surgery. The doctor will put you on a heart-lung machine to stay alive during this procedure. This is the most common type of surgical ablation.
  • Minimally invasive maze surgery: Many people with AFib can have this type of surgery. It involves small incisions called keyholes so your surgeon can get to your heart. He or she will use energy, either heat or cold, to make form scar tissue on your heart. This procedure can be performed while your heart is still beating. Your surgeon may use a tiny video camera to help see inside your heart while making cuts and scar tissue.
  • Robotically assisted maze surgery: This is a type of minimally invasive maze surgery. Your surgeon may use a robotic tool to help perform ablation. These tools are slightly different from the ones used in minimally invasive surgery.

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: “Surgical Procedures for Atrial Fibrillation (MAZE).”

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: “A Patient's Guide to Heart Surgery,” “Robotic-Assisted MAZE Surgery.”

Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Atrial Fibrillation Surgery - Maze Procedure.”

Cedars-Sinai Hospital: “Preparing for Maze Surgery.”

American Heart Association: “Treatment Guidelines of Atrial Fibrillation (AFib or AF).”

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 25, 2017

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: “Surgical Procedures for Atrial Fibrillation (MAZE).”

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: “A Patient's Guide to Heart Surgery,” “Robotic-Assisted MAZE Surgery.”

Society of Thoracic Surgeons: “Atrial Fibrillation Surgery - Maze Procedure.”

Cedars-Sinai Hospital: “Preparing for Maze Surgery.”

American Heart Association: “Treatment Guidelines of Atrial Fibrillation (AFib or AF).”

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 25, 2017

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