Endocarditis is inflammation or infection of the inner lining of the heart or heart valves. People with a heart defect, damaged or artificial heart valve, or history of heart surgery are more likely to develop endocarditis. Endocarditis can lead to stroke, heart failure, and death. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how endocarditis occurs, what the symptoms are, how to treat it, and much more.
What is endocarditis?Endocarditis is an infection of the heart's valves or inner lining. It occurs when germs get into the bloodstream and settle inside the heart, often on a valve. The infection is usually caused by bacteria. In rare cases, it is caused by fungi.This infection can damage your heart. It needs to be treated right away. If it isn't treated, endocarditis can be deadly.What increases your risk of endocarditis?Your risk is higher if you have a problem that affects blood flow through your heart. That's because a blood flow problem makes it more likely that bacteria or fungi will attach to heart tissue. Some other things raise your risk too, because they can let bacteria or fungi enter your bloodstream.You have a higher risk of endocarditis if you have:Had endocarditis in the past.An implanted heart device such as a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). A hemodialysis access or a central venous catheter.Abnormal or damaged heart valves or an artificial
Procedures That May Require Antibiotics to Prevent Endocarditis-References
A list of resources for information on Procedures That May Require Antibiotics to Prevent Endocarditis.
Procedures That May Require Antibiotics to Prevent Endocarditis-Topic Overview
The American Heart Association recommends preventive (prophylactic) antibiotics for some people who are at increased risk for developing endocarditis. 1 These people should have preventive antibiotics before they have certain procedures that may release bacteria into the bloodstream. If you are at increased risk for endocarditis,talk with your doctor or your dentist about the need for ...
People Who Need Antibiotics to Prevent Endocarditis-Topic Overview
Some heart problems can put you at risk for an infection in the heart called endocarditis. These heart conditions include: Artificial heart valves. Endocarditis in the past. Heart defects since birth ( congenital heart defects ). Heart valve problems after a heart transplant. If you have any of these heart conditions,you may need to take antibiotics before you have certain dental or ...