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What is pericardial disease, and why is it sometimes linked to heart failure?

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The pericardium is the protective sac surrounding the heart. It can fill with fluid as a result of a chest injury, infection, or heart attack or as a side effect of medication. If it does, it taxes the heart and raises the odds of heart failure.

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Causes of Heart Failure," "Warning Signs of Heart Failure," "The Impact of Congenital Heart Defects."

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "How Is Heart Failure Diagnosed?" "Types of Congenital Heart Defects," "What Is Cardiomyopathy?" "What Is Heart Valve Disease?"

Circulation: "Navigating the Crossroads of Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Failure."

Heart Failure Clinics : "The role of coronary artery disease in heart failure," "The Impact of Peripheral Arterial Disease on Patients with Congestive Heart Failure."

Heartfailurematters.org: "Coronary Artery Disease."

South County Health: "Heart Attack vs Heart Failure."

Heart Rhythm Society: "Heart Failure."

UpToDate: "Pathogenesis of ventricular arrhythmias in heart failure and cardiomyopathy."

Johns Hopkins Heart & Vascular Institute: "Conditions We Treat: Cardiomyopathy (Heart Failure)," "Valvular Heart Disease."

Cardiology : "Chronic Heart Failure in Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association."

The Marfan Foundation: "Heart and Blood Vessels in Marfan Syndrome."

Texas Heart Institute: "Marfan Syndrome."

Medscape: "Hypertensive Heart Disease."

Blood Pressure UK: "Heart failure and high blood pressure."

European Heart Journal: " 2015 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)."

Cleveland Clinic: "Pericardial Disease."

American Journal of the Medical Sciences: "Pericardial and Pleural Effusions in Congestive Heart Failure -- Anatomical, Pathophysiologic, and Clinical Considerations ."

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 6, 2019

SOURCES:

American Heart Association: "Causes of Heart Failure," "Warning Signs of Heart Failure," "The Impact of Congenital Heart Defects."

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "How Is Heart Failure Diagnosed?" "Types of Congenital Heart Defects," "What Is Cardiomyopathy?" "What Is Heart Valve Disease?"

Circulation: "Navigating the Crossroads of Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Failure."

Heart Failure Clinics : "The role of coronary artery disease in heart failure," "The Impact of Peripheral Arterial Disease on Patients with Congestive Heart Failure."

Heartfailurematters.org: "Coronary Artery Disease."

South County Health: "Heart Attack vs Heart Failure."

Heart Rhythm Society: "Heart Failure."

UpToDate: "Pathogenesis of ventricular arrhythmias in heart failure and cardiomyopathy."

Johns Hopkins Heart & Vascular Institute: "Conditions We Treat: Cardiomyopathy (Heart Failure)," "Valvular Heart Disease."

Cardiology : "Chronic Heart Failure in Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association."

The Marfan Foundation: "Heart and Blood Vessels in Marfan Syndrome."

Texas Heart Institute: "Marfan Syndrome."

Medscape: "Hypertensive Heart Disease."

Blood Pressure UK: "Heart failure and high blood pressure."

European Heart Journal: " 2015 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)."

Cleveland Clinic: "Pericardial Disease."

American Journal of the Medical Sciences: "Pericardial and Pleural Effusions in Congestive Heart Failure -- Anatomical, Pathophysiologic, and Clinical Considerations ."

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on July 6, 2019

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What is marfan syndrome, and can it raise your chances of getting heart failure?

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