Reviewed by James
Beckerman, FACC, MD on
October 09, 2019
IMAGE PROVIDED BY:
American Heart Association: “Heart Failure.”
Cleveland Clinic: “Edema.”
Current Opinions in Pharmacology: “Pathophysiology of Water and Sodium Retention: Edematous States with Normal Kidney Function.”
American Academy of Family Physicians: “Edema,” “Edema: Diagnosis and Management.”
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care: “Causes and Signs of Edema.”
Mayo Clinic: “Edema Causes,” “Leg Swelling,” “Nephrotic Syndrome,” “Pregnancy Week by Week,” “Water Retention: Relieve This Premenstrual Symptom.”
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Cirrhosis,” “Your Kidneys and How They Work.”
Palo Alto Medical Foundation: “Ankle Sprains and Calf Strains.”
UptoDate: “Edema (Swelling).”
Vascular Disease Foundation: “Chronic Venous Insufficiency.”
This tool does not provide medical advice.
See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 2019 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.