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What are the types of congenital heart disease?

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Here are the types of congenital heart diseases:

  • Valve defects. One may be too narrow or completely closed. That makes it hard for blood to get through. In other cases, the valve might not close properly, so the blood leaks backward.
  • Problems with the walls. It could be between t chambers (atria and ventricles). Holes or passageways between the left and right side of the heart might allow blood to mix when it shouldn’t.
  • Issues with the muscle. These can lead to heart failure, which means the heart doesn’t pump as efficiently as it should.
  • Bad connections among blood vessels. In babies, this may let blood that should go to the lungs go to other parts of the body instead, or vice versa. These defects can deprive blood of oxygen and lead to organ failure.

SOURCES: 

American Heart Association.

CDC: "Facts About Congenital Heart Defects."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Endocarditis."

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on August 24, 2017

SOURCES: 

American Heart Association.

CDC: "Facts About Congenital Heart Defects."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Endocarditis."

Reviewed by Suzanne R. Steinbaum on August 24, 2017

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What are symptoms of congenital heart disease?

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