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American Heart Association: "What is Cardiovascular Disease?"
Mayo Clinic: "Heart disease," "Anger management."
Journal of the American College of Cardiology: "Environmental Noise and the Cardiovascular System."
NIH MedlinePlus: "How Loud Is Too Loud?"
Stroke: "Migraine and Hemorrhagic Stroke."
American Journal of Medicine: "Migraine headache and ischemic stroke risk: an updated meta-analysis."
American Migraine Foundation: "Migraine, Stroke and Heart Disease."
Heart: "Women’s reproductive factors and incident cardiovascular disease in the UK Biobank," "Loneliness and social isolation as risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal observational studies."
Medicine: "Association Between Age at Menarche and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases in Korean Women."
International Journal of Epidemiology: "Adult height and the risk of cause-specific death and vascular morbidity in 1 million people: individual participant meta-analysis."
New England Journal of Medicine: "Genetically Determined Height and Coronary Artery Disease."
Loneliness and acute stress reactivity: A systematic review of psychophysiological studies."
CDC: "Heart Disease and Stroke."
Psychology and Aging: "Loneliness predicts increased blood pressure: 5-year cross-lagged analyses in middle-aged and older adults."
Psychophysiology: "Loneliness and acute stress reactivity: A systematic review of psychophysiological studies."
ADDitude: "Which ADHD Medication Is Best? ADD Stimulants, Nonstimulants & More."
European Neuropsychopharmacology: Meta-analysis of increased heart rate and blood pressure associated with CNS stimulant treatment of ADHD in adults."
Case Reports in Cardiology: "Adult ADHD Medications and Their Cardiovascular Implications."
Lancet: "Long working hours and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished data for 603 838 individuals."
Journal of Dental Research: "'Gum Bug, Leave My Heart Alone!'—Epidemiologic and Mechanistic Evidence Linking Periodontal Infections and Atherosclerosis."
Journal of Applied Oral Science: "Influence of periodontal therapy on C-reactive protein level: a systematic review and meta-analysis."
Harvard Health Publications: "C-Reactive Protein test to screen for heart disease: Why do we need another test?"
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "Study links childhood exposure to trauma to increased risk of heart disease later in life."
Circulation: "Childhood and Adolescent Adversity and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association."
American Heart Association News: "As flu blankets the nation, a new study links the virus to heart attacks."
European Heart Journal: "Outbursts of anger as a trigger of acute cardiovascular events: a systematic review and meta-analysis."
SecondsCount.org: "Anger & Heart Disease: Try Thinking Positively, for Heart Health."
Reviewed by James Beckerman, MD, FACC on March 04, 2020
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