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Does GERD always cause Barrett's esophagus?

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Not everyone with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) develops Barrett's esophagus. And not everyone with Barrett's esophagus had GERD. But long-term GERD is the primary risk factor. Anyone can develop Barrett's esophagus, but white males who have had long-term GERD are more likely than others to develop it. Other risk factors include the onset of GERD at a younger age and a history of current or past smoking.

SOURCES :

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Barrett's Esophagus."

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: "Barrett's esophagus."

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: "GERD, Barrett's Esophogus, and the Risk for Esophageal Cancer."

Smith K., et al. August 2009; vol 7: pp 840-848. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology,

National Heartburn Alliance: "What You Should Know About Heartburn and Esophageal Cancer."

 Ferri: Practical Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,  8th ed.

Feldman: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease,  9th ed.

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 11, 2017

SOURCES :

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Barrett's Esophagus."

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: "Barrett's esophagus."

American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: "GERD, Barrett's Esophogus, and the Risk for Esophageal Cancer."

Smith K., et al. August 2009; vol 7: pp 840-848. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology,

National Heartburn Alliance: "What You Should Know About Heartburn and Esophageal Cancer."

 Ferri: Practical Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,  8th ed.

Feldman: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease,  9th ed.

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 11, 2017

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How is Barrett's esophagus diagnosed?

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