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How does cigarette smoking impact GERD?

ANSWER

Cigarette smoking weakens the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Stopping smoking is important to ease gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms.

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava on September 11, 2020

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava on September 11, 2020

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Can my sleeping position affect GERD?

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