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How can cigarette smoking affect gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

ANSWER

Cigarette smoking weakens the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Stopping smoking is important to reduce gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms.

From: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 10, 2017

Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2017

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 10, 2017

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 10, 2017

NEXT QUESTION:

How can you adjust your sleeping position to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

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