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How can cigarettes affect chronic heartburn?

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Smoking causes your body to make less saliva, a liquid that helps stamp out stomach acid. That can lead to burning in your esophagus. Tobacco may also cause your stomach to make more acid and relax the muscles at the lower end of your esophagus that can shut down the opening between the stomach and the esophagus. Chewing gum and sucking on lozenges can help you make more saliva.

SOURCES:

American College of Gastroenterology: “Acid Reflux.”

uptodate.com: “Patient education: Acid reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease) in adults (Beyond the Basics),” "Medical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease in adults."

American Academy of Family Physicians: “Heartburn.”

National Health Service UK: “Heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) -- Treatment.”

Obesity : “Weight Loss Can Lead to Resolution of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms: A Prospective Intervention Trial.”

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: “Treatment Options for GERD or Acid Reflux Disease: A Review of the Research for Adults.”

Kaiser Permanente: “Heartburn.”

Mayo Clinic: “Heartburn.”

Cleveland Clinic: “GERD or Acid Reflux or Heartburn Overview.”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Treatment for GER & GERD.”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on January 18, 2017

SOURCES:

American College of Gastroenterology: “Acid Reflux.”

uptodate.com: “Patient education: Acid reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease) in adults (Beyond the Basics),” "Medical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease in adults."

American Academy of Family Physicians: “Heartburn.”

National Health Service UK: “Heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) -- Treatment.”

Obesity : “Weight Loss Can Lead to Resolution of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms: A Prospective Intervention Trial.”

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: “Treatment Options for GERD or Acid Reflux Disease: A Review of the Research for Adults.”

Kaiser Permanente: “Heartburn.”

Mayo Clinic: “Heartburn.”

Cleveland Clinic: “GERD or Acid Reflux or Heartburn Overview.”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Treatment for GER & GERD.”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on January 18, 2017

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Which foods trigger chronic heartburn?

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