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What other factors contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

ANSWER

Dietary and lifestyle choices may contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Certain foods and beverages, including chocolate, peppermint, fried or fatty foods, coffee, or alcoholic beverages, may trigger reflux and heartburn. Studies show that cigarette smoking relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Obesity and pregnancy can also play a role in the development of GERD symptoms.

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 23, 2020

SOURCES: 

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)."

Pluta, R. , May 18, 2011. Journal of the American Medical Association

American College of Gastroenterology: "Understanding GERD." 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on April 23, 2020

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What are the symptoms of heartburn related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

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