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Why does smoking cause acid reflux?

ANSWER

Smoking may:

Smoking also raises the risk for cancer of the esophagus.

  • Damage mucus membranes
  • Slow or prevent muscle reflexes in the throat
  • Trigger your stomach to make more acid
  • Prevent the lower esophageal sphincter muscle from working well
  • Cut back on saliva, which neutralizes the effect of acid

SOURCES: 

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC): "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER), and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease." 

Cleveland Clinic: "GERD or Acid Reflux or Heartburn." 

The American College of Gastroenterology: "Heartburn or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease."

University of Maryland Medical Center: "Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn."

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Heartburn: Hints on Dealing With the Discomfort."

Reviewed by Lisa Bernstein on March 8, 2018

SOURCES: 

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC): "Heartburn, Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER), and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease." 

Cleveland Clinic: "GERD or Acid Reflux or Heartburn." 

The American College of Gastroenterology: "Heartburn or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease."

University of Maryland Medical Center: "Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn."

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Heartburn: Hints on Dealing With the Discomfort."

Reviewed by Lisa Bernstein on March 8, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

How can eating cause acid reflux?

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