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What are some causes of fulminant hepatitis?

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It's most often caused by:

  • An overdose of acetaminophen
  • Viral hepatitis

Less common causes include:

  • Prescription medicines. Some antibiotics, cancer medicines, and other drugs can cause liver damage that lead to liver failure.
  • Certain viruses. Epstein-Barr virus, for example, or herpes simplex virus may cause fulminant hepatitis.
  • Autoimmune hepatitis. This happens when your immune systems attacks and damages liver cells.
  • Cancer. Tumors that start or spread to the liver can cause it to fail.

SOURCES:

Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: “Fulminant hepatic failure: etiology and indications for liver transplantation.”

UpToDate: “Acute liver failure in adults: Etiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis” and “Some drugs, herbal products, and toxins associated with acute liver failure.”

Mayo Clinic: “Acute Liver Failure.”

University of California San Francisco Department of Surgery: “Acute Liver Failure (ALF).”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Acute Liver Failure.”

CDC: “Travelers’ Health.”

Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner on February 7, 2020

SOURCES:

Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: “Fulminant hepatic failure: etiology and indications for liver transplantation.”

UpToDate: “Acute liver failure in adults: Etiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis” and “Some drugs, herbal products, and toxins associated with acute liver failure.”

Mayo Clinic: “Acute Liver Failure.”

University of California San Francisco Department of Surgery: “Acute Liver Failure (ALF).”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Acute Liver Failure.”

CDC: “Travelers’ Health.”

Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner on February 7, 2020

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How can vein problems cause fulminant hepatitis?

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