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Are there in-home tests I can take to figure out if I have HIV?

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Two kits are available in the U.S. You can buy them at your local store or online. Make sure the one you choose is FDA-approved.

One option is to prick your finger to get a small blood sample that you send to a lab. You call to get your result within a few business days, and it's anonymous  If it's positive, the lab will also do a follow-up test.

For the other, you'll swab your upper and lower gums and test the sample in a vial. You get a result in 20 minutes. Maybe 1 in 12 people who are infected get a false negative from this test. You should get a lab test of your blood if it's positive.

SOURCES:

CDC: "National HIV and STD Testing Resources: Frequently Asked Questions."

AVERT: "HIV Testing," "Continuing antiretroviral (ARV) treatment."

AIDS.gov: "HIV Test Types."

Home Access Health Corporation: "The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , "Rapid HIV screening: Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis and prevention," May 2012. J Clin Virol

Aberg, J. , 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies," "Complete List of Donor Screening Assays for Infectious Agents and HIV Diagnostic Assays."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on May 08, 2019

SOURCES:

CDC: "National HIV and STD Testing Resources: Frequently Asked Questions."

AVERT: "HIV Testing," "Continuing antiretroviral (ARV) treatment."

AIDS.gov: "HIV Test Types."

Home Access Health Corporation: "The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , "Rapid HIV screening: Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis and prevention," May 2012. J Clin Virol

Aberg, J. , 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies," "Complete List of Donor Screening Assays for Infectious Agents and HIV Diagnostic Assays."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on May 08, 2019

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When should I get tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

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