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Can a pregnant woman infect her baby with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

ANSWER

A woman who has HIV can pass the virus to her child during pregnancy or while she's giving birth, or though her breast milk. HIV spread through specific body fluids, including blood and vaginal fluids.

The chances are greatly reduced, however if the mother is taking effective HIV drugs (antiretroviral therapy) throughout her pregnancy, labor, and delivery.

From: How Do You Catch HIV? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

AIDS.gov: "How Do You Get HIV or AIDS?"

CDC: "HIV Transmission."

The Foundation for AIDS Research: "Basic Facts About HIV/AIDS."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on August 23, 2019

SOURCES:

AIDS.gov: "How Do You Get HIV or AIDS?"

CDC: "HIV Transmission."

The Foundation for AIDS Research: "Basic Facts About HIV/AIDS."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on August 23, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What are symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection when you just recently got it?

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