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How can you protect yourself from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?+F157

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HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. You can catch it if body fluids -- blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk – from an infected person get into your blood.

The best way to protect yourself from HIV is to avoid activities that put you at risk. Use latex condoms or a latex barrier whenever you have sex -- vaginal, anal, or oral. Don't inject drugs, and don't use someone else's needle if you do.

Health care workers should take care to avoid being poked with needles that have HIV-infected blood or getting splashed in their eyes or inside of their nose.

SOURCES:

CDC.

National HIV Testing Resources.

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies."

Home Access Health Corporation: “The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , May 2012. Journal of Clinical Virology

Alere, Inc.: The Alere Determine HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo.

Abbott: Architect HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo.

Bio-Rad Laboratories: GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab EIA.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Screening."

AIDS.gov: "Overview of HIV Treatments."

AIDSinfo: "Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents," July 14, 2016.

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on June 23, 2019

SOURCES:

CDC.

National HIV Testing Resources.

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies."

Home Access Health Corporation: “The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , May 2012. Journal of Clinical Virology

Alere, Inc.: The Alere Determine HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo.

Abbott: Architect HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo.

Bio-Rad Laboratories: GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab EIA.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Screening."

AIDS.gov: "Overview of HIV Treatments."

AIDSinfo: "Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents," July 14, 2016.

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on June 23, 2019

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How will you know if you have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

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