PREVIOUS QUESTION:

 

NEXT QUESTION:

 

How does antiretroviral therapy (ART) work in treating HIV?

ANSWER

People who are successfully treatmed have very low levels of virus in their blood. If you start ART at the right time and follow your doctor's orders, you can expect to live for many years. But you'll probably need to be on the drugs for the rest of your life.

Some people can't pay for the medications, and others don't want to stay on them because of side effects, such nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness. But if you quit treatment, the virus usually comes back within weeks.

That's because pools of HIV are "asleep" in your body. When you stop taking the drugs, this so-called "latent HIV reservoir" wakes up and gives new life to the infection.

From: What Is HIV Remission? WebMD Medical Reference

AIDS.Gov: "Changing or Stopping Treatment," "Overview of HIV Treatments," "Side Effects."

AmfAR -- The Foundation for AIDS Research: "Post-Treatment Controllers: Pathway to a Functional Cure?"

Ananworanich, J. , January 2015. Current Opinion HIV/AIDS

AVAC: Global Advocacy for HIV Prevention: "Living Below Detection: Another case of HIV Remission."

AVERT: "Working in Healthcare and HIV."

Steven Deeks, MD, HIV researcher; professor of medicine in residence at the University of California, San Francisco, and a faculty member in the Positive Health Program (AIDS Program) at San Francisco General Hospital.

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation: "HIV 101: Understanding HIV."

Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center: "Timothy Ray Brown: the accidental AIDS Icon."

Institut Pasteur: "First case of prolonged remission (12 years) in an HIV-infected child."

National Institutes of Health AIDS Info: "The Basics of HIV Prevention," "Latent HIV Reservoir."

San Francisco AIDS Foundation: "Long-term HIV Remission Case Raises More Questions than Answers."

News release, . Nature

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: “HIV Cure,” “Sustained ART-Free HIV Remission.”

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on March 11, 2019

AIDS.Gov: "Changing or Stopping Treatment," "Overview of HIV Treatments," "Side Effects."

AmfAR -- The Foundation for AIDS Research: "Post-Treatment Controllers: Pathway to a Functional Cure?"

Ananworanich, J. , January 2015. Current Opinion HIV/AIDS

AVAC: Global Advocacy for HIV Prevention: "Living Below Detection: Another case of HIV Remission."

AVERT: "Working in Healthcare and HIV."

Steven Deeks, MD, HIV researcher; professor of medicine in residence at the University of California, San Francisco, and a faculty member in the Positive Health Program (AIDS Program) at San Francisco General Hospital.

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation: "HIV 101: Understanding HIV."

Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center: "Timothy Ray Brown: the accidental AIDS Icon."

Institut Pasteur: "First case of prolonged remission (12 years) in an HIV-infected child."

National Institutes of Health AIDS Info: "The Basics of HIV Prevention," "Latent HIV Reservoir."

San Francisco AIDS Foundation: "Long-term HIV Remission Case Raises More Questions than Answers."

News release, . Nature

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: “HIV Cure,” “Sustained ART-Free HIV Remission.”

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on March 11, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What does research say about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remission?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

    Other Answers On: