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How is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) spread?

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A person can get HIV by coming into contact with an infected person's body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk), and HIV can be spread through:

Vaginal, oral, or anal sex

Sharing unclean needles to take drugs

Pregnancy (from an infected mother to baby)

Blood transfusions (since 1985, blood donations have been routinely tested for HIV, so infection from blood transfusions is rare)

From: Pregnancy and HIV Testing WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on December 5, 2017

Medically Reviewed on 12/5/2017

SOURCES:

The March of Dimes .

The Mayo Clinic

CDC: National HIV and STD Testing Resources.

FDA Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research.

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on December 5, 2017

SOURCES:

The March of Dimes .

The Mayo Clinic

CDC: National HIV and STD Testing Resources.

FDA Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research.

Reviewed by Nivin Todd on December 5, 2017

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How can I know if I have HIV?

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