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When should I get tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

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You could have an HIV infection if you:

Pregnant women should also get tested. And in fact, the CDC recommends that all persons in the United States between the ages of 13 and 64 get tested for HIV at least once.  

  • Have had several sexual partners
  • Had unprotected sex with someone who is or could be HIV-positive
  • Injected drugs with a needle, syringe, or other equipment someone else had used first
  • Have had or are getting tested for TB, hepatitis, or any sexually transmitted disease, including syphilis, gonorrhea, and herpes
  • Have had sex for drugs or money
  • Had sex with someone who has a history of any of these

SOURCES:

CDC: "National HIV and STD Testing Resources: Frequently Asked Questions."

AVERT: "HIV Testing," "Continuing antiretroviral (ARV) treatment."

AIDS.gov: "HIV Test Types."

Home Access Health Corporation: "The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , "Rapid HIV screening: Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis and prevention," May 2012. J Clin Virol

Aberg, J. , 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies," "Complete List of Donor Screening Assays for Infectious Agents and HIV Diagnostic Assays."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on May 08, 2019

SOURCES:

CDC: "National HIV and STD Testing Resources: Frequently Asked Questions."

AVERT: "HIV Testing," "Continuing antiretroviral (ARV) treatment."

AIDS.gov: "HIV Test Types."

Home Access Health Corporation: "The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , "Rapid HIV screening: Missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis and prevention," May 2012. J Clin Virol

Aberg, J. , 2009. Clinical Infectious Diseases

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies," "Complete List of Donor Screening Assays for Infectious Agents and HIV Diagnostic Assays."

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on May 08, 2019

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How does human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affect my eyes?

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