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Who should get tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

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HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. Everyone between 15 and 65 should get tested, as well as all pregnant women. If you're at high risk, because you use needles for drugs or have multiple sex partners, for example, you should get tested at least once a year.

If you've been stuck by a needle or been in contact with a lot of blood from a person you aren't sure is negative for HIV, you should get tested, too.

Clinics that do HIV tests keep your results secret. Some may even do tests anonymously, without ever taking your name. You can also buy test kits at the drugstore and take the test at home.

SOURCES:

CDC.

National HIV Testing Resources.

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies."

Home Access Health Corporation: “The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , May 2012. Journal of Clinical Virology

Alere, Inc.: The Alere Determine HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo.

Abbott: Architect HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo.

Bio-Rad Laboratories: GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab EIA.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Screening."

AIDS.gov: "Overview of HIV Treatments."

AIDSinfo: "Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents," July 14, 2016.

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on June 23, 2019

SOURCES:

CDC.

National HIV Testing Resources.

FDA: "FDA Approves First Over-the-Counter Home Use HIV Test Kit," "FDA approves first rapid diagnostic test to detect both HIV-1 antigen and HIV-1/2 antibodies."

Home Access Health Corporation: “The Home Access HIV-1 Test System."

Patel, P. , May 2012. Journal of Clinical Virology

Alere, Inc.: The Alere Determine HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo.

Abbott: Architect HIV Antigen/Antibody Combo.

Bio-Rad Laboratories: GS HIV Combo Ag/Ab EIA.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Screening."

AIDS.gov: "Overview of HIV Treatments."

AIDSinfo: "Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents," July 14, 2016.

Reviewed by Jonathan E. Kaplan on June 23, 2019

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What are symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

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