An abnormal Pap test shows that cells in the cervix have changed from a normal to an abnormal appearance. Only a small number of abnormal Pap test results are cell changes that may progress to cervical cancer. Abnormal cell changes of the cervix rarely cause symptoms. So it is important to have regular Pap tests to find cell changes.
A Pap test is done to look for changes in the cells of the cervix. During a Pap test, a small sample of cells from the surface of the cervix is collected by a doctor. The sample is then spread or smeared on a slide (Pap smear) or mixed in a liquid and sent to a lab to be examined under a microscope.
Many abnormal Pap tests are caused by an infection of human papillomavirus (HPV) that will go away on its own and will not lead to cancer.
There are several choices for managing minor cervical cell changes. One of your choices may be watchful waiting. Treatments for moderate to severe cell changes destroy or remove the abnormal tissue.
Primary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofMarch 12, 2014
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise